Over the years, the choice of contraceptive methods increased largely and it is important to use contraception to avoid unplanned pregnancies and enables people to plan on when they want to have a baby. Contraception also helps prevent you from getting STIs, which is known as Sexually Transmitted Infections at the same time. Below are some methods of contraception that you should know.\r\n\r\nThere are 4 simple methods of contraception, including:\r\n\r\n \thormonal contraception, such the pill or the Depo-Provera injection\r\n \tbarrier methods, such as condoms\r\n \tfertility awareness\r\n \tpermanent contraception, such as vasectomy and tubal ligation.\r\n\r\n\r\n1) Hormonal contraception \r\nThese are contraceptives that use hormones to prevent pregnancy.\u00a0Hormonal contraceptives include the pill and the Depo-Provera injection.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nThere are two types of pill:\r\n\r\n \tcombined oral contraceptive pill\r\n \tprogestogen-only contraceptive pill\r\n\r\nYou have to take one pill each day. The pill is more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy if you take it correctly.\r\n\r\n\r\n2) Barrier methods \r\nBarrier methods are the methods which stop sperm from entering the vagina. There are two barrier methods available which are:\r\n\r\n \tcondoms\r\n \tinternal condoms\r\n\r\nCondoms protect against sexually transmissible infections (STIs) as well as unintended pregnancy.\u00a0You can buy internal condoms from pharmacies.\r\n\r\n\r\n3) Fertility awareness\r\n\r\n\r\nFertility awareness is learning the signs of fertility in your menstrual cycle to help you plan or avoid a pregnancy. We strongly recommend you consult an experienced doctor before using fertility awareness as a method of contraception.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nYou need to know how to:\r\n\r\n \tunderstand your menstrual cycle\r\n \tcheck your cervical mucus\r\n \ttake your temperature\r\n \trecognize other signs of your fertile phase\r\n \tuse this information to plan or avoid a pregnancy.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nYou can then use this knowledge and some tools to identify the fertile and infertile phases of your cycle. While you are learning this method it is recommended you do not have sex unless you use a condoms or diaphragm.\r\n4) Permanent contraception\r\nPermanent contraception also known as sterilization, prevents all future pregnancies. It is very difficult or impossible to reverse. \r\n\r\nFor male: Vasectomy\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nWhen a man is sterilized, the operation is called a vasectomy. \u00a0When you ejaculate (cum) the fluid or semen from your penis contains sperm.\u00a0Sperm are made in your testicles (balls) and travel up your vas deferens (tubes) to mix with your semen. These are the tubes that are cut and tied when you have a vasectomy.\r\n\r\nAfter a vasectomy there are no sperm in your semen. Your testicles still make sperm but they are absorbed by your body.\r\n\r\nFor female: Tubal ligation\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nWhen a woman is sterilized, the operation is called a tubal ligation. It is a procedure to close both Fallopian tubes which means that sperm can\u2019t get to an egg to fertilize it.\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nSo, parents, what do you think about these contraception methods? Feel free to share your thoughts in the comment section below.\r\n\r\nFor more articles, news and baby guidance continue to visit\u00a0Motherhood.com.my!