First Trimester: Week 1 & Week 2

Trimester-1

What is happening to my body?

You probably are currently having your menses. Some women may find that their menses is irregular or heavy. If you are trying to conceive, you may want to visit your doctor and find out the reason why your menses is irregular as it may affect your chances of getting pregnant.
WEEK 1: What should I plan this week?
  • Time your ovulation period to maximize your chances of getting pregnant by having sexual intercourse during your fertile period.
  • Plan to see your doctor for preconception visit
  • Choose an ovulation kit

WEEK 2: How is the the baby conceived

You’re not pregnant yet, but you may be about to release an egg that could grow into a baby if it’s fertilized by your partner’s sperm.

Last week an increase in the amount of estrogen and progesterone coursing through your bloodstream prompted your uterus to form a lush, blood-rich lining of tissue to support a potential fertilized egg. At the same time, in your ovaries, eggs were ripening in fluid-filled sacs called follicles.

At the beginning of this week (often around day 14 of a 28-day cycle), you ovulate: One of your eggs erupts from its follicle and is swept away from your ovary and into a fallopian tube.

During the next 12 to 24 hours, that egg will be fertilized if one of the 250 million sperm (on average) ejaculated by your mate manages to swim all the way from your vagina through your cervix, up through your uterus to the fallopian tube, and penetrate the egg. Only about 400 sperm will survive the arduous 10-hour journey to the egg, and only one can succeed in burrowing through its outer membrane.

Over the next 10 to 30 hours, the sperm’s nucleus will merge with the egg’s as they combine their genetic material. If the sperm carries a Y chromosome, your baby will be a boy. If it’s an X chromosome, you’ll be carrying a girl.

 

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Sperm secrete an enzyme that erodes the egg’s outer layer to allow penetration
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See how your baby is developing
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When an egg leaves the ovary, it’s covered by a protective layer of cells
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The fallopian tube is lined with cilia that help move the egg down into the uterus
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Sperm swim through the cervix and uterus and into a fallopian tube to meet the egg
What should I plan this week?
  • Select a prenatal vitamin
  • Enroll yourself in an exercise class to keep yourself fit or yoga class for relaxation and stress reduction
  • Review medications that you are taking whether it is safe to continue during pregnancy. Check with your doctor first before stopping the medication.
  • Join a forum or support group for trying to conceive women
  • Discuss with your doctor whether you need to have a genetic counseling
Also Read:  Fasting and Pregnancy

A peek inside your womb — Fertilization

Fallopian tube: A sperm must swim all the way from your vagina up through your cervix and uterus and into the fallopian tube to fertilize the egg.

Ovary: One of your eggs has broken out of its follicle in the ovary and been swept into the fallopian tube.

Ovum: Once a sperm burrows through the outer membrane to penetrate the ovum, or egg, their genetic material combines to form a new cell that soon starts rapidly dividing.

Sperm: All it takes is one sperm out of about 250 million in the average ejaculation to fertilize the egg.


Tips of the week

WEEK 1-2: Tips to increase your chances of falling pregnant:
  • Prepare your body and mind for pregnancy. Both you and your partner need to be healthy. If you partner smokes, encourage him to stop smoking to improve the quality of his sperm
  • Cut down on caffeine, smoking and other drugs
  • Try practice positive affirmations to prepare yourself mentally, for example, ‘I am strong and healthy and my body is prepared to welcome my baby’
  • Have regular sexual intercourse 2- 3 times / week
  • Know your fertile period and have sexual intercourse during that time
  • If you feel dry during sexual intercourse you could try a sperm friendly lubricant
  • You could use an ovulation kit to help you detect your ovulation
WEEK 3: Tips on choosing a prenatal vitamin:
  • Does it contain the right vitamin and nutrient in the right doses?
  • How much do they cost?
  • Is it safe to take during pregnancy?
  • Does it contain DHA or omega acid?
  • What possible side effects it has? Does it have any digestive side effects?
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